Periodontal surgeries include pre-prosthetic surgeries (before crowns and bridges) and surgeries to correct gum defects.
Complete and partial prosthesis
This type of prosthesis is part of so-called removable prostheses. These prostheses are still current, but the arrival of implants have improved their efficiency and comfort.
Bruxism is an unconscious movement of teeth friction. This grinding or clenching occurs mainly during sleep and is also associated with episodes of tightness of the jaw.
- Wear and abrasion of teeth
- Orofacial pains
- Pain in the jaw and temporomandibular joint (TMJ) upon wakin
There is still little information on this, but anxiety seems to be a trigger that can magnify bruxism.
A small device worn at night avoids the destruction of our teeth. In addition, this device helps reduce and prevent headaches, neck, ear and other …
Halitosis – Bad breath
Bad breath or halitosis affects about 65% of the population. Transient halitosis is caused by a decrease in saliva production during sleep, combined with reduced activity of tongue and cheek movements. A good balanced lunch and a brushing of the teeth and the tongue make it possible to find a fresh breath.
- Inflammation and gum disease.
- Poor oral hygiene.
- The presence of caries and defective restorations.
- The retention of food particles between the teeth.
- Foci of infection.
- Breathing through the mouth
- The decrease of the salivary flow.
- The accumulation of bacteria and food debris on the tongue.
Mouthwash masks bad breath temporarily. If used excessively, it can irritate the mucous membranes of the mouth and accentuate the problem. It is important to maintain good oral hygiene and visit the dentist regularly. If bad breath persists, consult us.
Several ways to improve the brightness of teeth are available on the market. Pharmacy laundering, in-office bleaching with or without an accelerator or in-office bleaches in conjunction with home-made gutters. The techniques are all good in different contexts. Depending on the situation, we can enlighten you on the best way for you.
After healing the gum in which a titanium screw has been inserted, the dentist can install a crown to replace the missing tooth. In this case, the screw plays the role of the remaining root in the case of a simple devitalized decayed tooth.
Fixed Prostheses – Crowns and Bridges
A crown is a dental prosthesis to protect a tooth that is alive or not (devitalized). It covers the part of the remaining tooth and preserves the tooth of new aggressions, while avoiding its extraction and its complete replacement.
Following an extraction, the missing tooth can be replaced by a bridge if there is at least one tooth on either side of the edentulous tooth. A bridge consists of at least two support teeth called abutment teeth.
Root processing consists of:
- removing what remains of infected or potentially infected living tissue inside the tooth.
- cleaning the inside of this tooth
- closing the filling with heated or cold gutta-percha, bonded to the dentinal walls with cement.
For this the dentist usually performs local anesthesia, so that the gesture is not painful (the tooth, even partially necrotic, remaining generally sensitive). An adequate opening is made on the top or behind the tooth to gain access to the interior of it.
Then it will be necessary to reconstitute the tooth, either with a conventional obturation if this tooth is not too dilapidated, or by a prosthetic reconstitution (crown) if it is too dilapidated, in order to ensure the sealing of the treatment and to avoid that the root is not recolonized by bacteria.
Gingivitis and periodontal disease
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums caused by plaque buildup and tartar.
- Bad breath
- Bleeding gums when brushing teeth
- Red, swollen, sensitive gums
- Impaired immune system that can be caused by a malfunction of the thyroid gland, diabetes, pregnancy, or leukemia
- Hereditary factors
- Bad habits such as nail biting, squeezing or cringe, smoking, consuming too much sugar or maintaining a poor diet.
- Taking certain medications, including hormonal contraceptives and drugs
In dentistry, a composite is a material used to seal and restore teeth. Its main advantage being to imitate the whitish color of a tooth. This material is newer than amalgam.
Initially, it was mostly used for aesthetic reasons on anterior teeth. But important progress now allows a much wider use, complementary to the amalgam. It consists of mineral fillers embedded in an organic matrix.
This method aims to make its normal shape to a tooth treated for a caries or for a fracture. When the restoration of the tooth is performed directly, the filling material may be metallic (amalgam: it is called sealing) or organomineral (composite, glass ionomer); malleable when inserted, it then acquires its final hardness. It is also possible to use a non-malleable filling material (gold, ceramic): in this case, we speak of inlay or dental onlay. Prepared in the laboratory from an imprint of the cut tooth, it is then glued or sealed.
The longevity of coronary fillings depends on the extent of the lesion, the dental hygiene, the material chosen and how it is applied daily during chewing.
A good brushing and flossing technique helps prevent tooth decay and gum disease. A sealer can be applied to adult teeth shortly after their eruption to prevent cavities.
Interceptive devices are made to increase the space needed for the eruption of permanent teeth. These treatments can prevent orthodontics or help facilitate future orthodontic treatment.
Cleaning is necessary to remove tartar and anything that can cause inflammation of the gums. During this cleaning, there will be an examination done by the dentist and if necessary we will proceed to x-rays. Your hygienist will determine with you, according to your needs, the frequency of your cleanings and will be able to give you information on the treatments required.
ADC position statement on silver dental amalgam:
According to current research on the use of dental amalgam to silver, it still has, for many applications, clear advantages over other restorative materials. Indeed, this research has not conclusively demonstrated that the use of this material carries risks for patients. For the most part, therapeutic use materials cause side effects or risks, while offering benefits, and dentists are trained to monitor these reactions at all times. Although the amalgamation of fillings releases tiny amounts of mercury vapor, the current scientific consensus is that amalgam does not promote disease. However, it is recognized that some people are particularly sensitive or allergic to the components of amalgam and that it is probably not suitable for all patients, nor in all circumstances.
CDA supports its position on the current scientific consensus endorsed by the government to endorse the material, as well as extensive relevant scientific literature as opposed to studies that are individual and sometimes conflicting. When using dental amalgam, the dentist should use common sense and allow the patient to explain their particular condition in order to choose the most appropriate restoration material. Dentists want patients to know the findings of various scientific studies on dental amalgam in order to make the appropriate choice.
The information provided here was produced by the Canadian Dental Association for CDA dentists. It should not replace a consultation with a dentist or doctor. If you have any questions about this position statement, please contact your dentist or the Dental Association